**SSC** organized exam on** 25th May 2014** for the recruitment of Junior Engineers post. This exam paper has 100 questions from reasoning and general ability section. You can **download this SSC previous year paper** for year 2014.

This years paper have combined test for core engineering branches like Mechanical, Electrical and Civil. Here we are sharing SSC JE Civil 2014 exam paper with all questions, their option and answers.

## SSC JE 2014 Civil Paper with Answers:

- Mild steel used in RCC structures conforms to
- IS : 432
- IS : 1566
- IS : 1786
- IS : 2062

- Which of the following types of lime is used for plastering and white washing?
- Quick lime
- Slaked lime
- Hydraulic lime
- Fat lime

- Which of the following acts as retarder for the concrete?
- Calcium chloride
- Calcium lignosulphonate
- Calcium stearate
- Aluminium powder

- Identify the wrong statement.
- Bulking of sand can go up to 40%
- Bulking of sand is maximum at 4.6% moisture content.
- Bulking of sand is considered in weigh batching of concrete mix.
- Bulking of sand occurs due to free moisture film formation over sand grain.

- Strength based classification of bricks is made on the basis of
- IS : 3101
- IS : 3102
- IS : 3495
- IS : 3496

- In paints methylated spirit, naphtha and turpentine are used as
- Base
- Binder
- Solvent
- Extender

- Coarse sand has a fineness modulus in the range of
- 2.2-2.4
- 2.4-2.6
- 2.6-2.9
- 2.9-3.2

- Under heat and pressure, granite can transform into
- quartzite
- marble
- slate
- gneiss

- Aluminium is anodized to protect it from weathering effect by forming a surface coat of
- Aluminium carbide
- Aluminium borate
- Aluminium oxide
- Red lead

- Quartzite and marble.are by nature
- volcanic
- plutonic
- sedimentary
- metamorphic

- Most accurate method of estimation is based on
- Building cost index estimate
- Plinth area estimate
- Detailed.estimate
- Cube rate estimate

- The annual instalment (I) of the sinking fund (S) over n years, at i rate of interest may be calculated from the formula
- I = Si/(1+i)^n-1
- I = S(1+i)^n-1/i
- I = S(1+i)^n+1/(1+i)
- I= Si/(1+i)^n+1

- The plan of a building is in the form of a rectangle with centre line dimensions of the outer walls as 10·3 m x 15·3 m. The thickness of the walls in superstructure is 0·3 m. The nits carpet area is
- 150 m²
- 157.59 m²
- 165.36 m²
- 170 m²

- Pick up the item of work not included in the plinth area estimate.
- Wall thickness
- Room area
- Verandah area
- Courtyard area

- One brick thickness of wall is roughly equal to
- 10 cm
- 15 cm
- 20 cm
- 30 cm

- A work costing Rs.20,000 is termed as
- Petty work
- Minor work
- Major work
- Minor project

- The density of cement is taken be
- 1000 kg/m³
- 1250 kg/m³
- 1440 kg/m³
- 1800 kg/m³

- The damp proof course (D.P.C.) of uniform thickness in a building having walls of different widths is measured in
- m^4
- m³
- m²
- m

- Volume by Trapezoidal Formula Method is determined by the formula

- The value of the property at the end of its useful life (without being dismantled ) is known as
- Salvage value
- Scrap value
- Book value
- Junk value

- The multiplying constant for the tachometer is generally, kept as
- 100
- 20
- 40
- 60

- The fundamental principle of surveying is to work from the
- whole to part
- part to whole
- lower level to higher level
- higher level to lower level

- Radiation, Intersection and Resection are
- Compass Surveying Techniques
- Chain Surveying Techniques
- Levelling Techniques
- Plane Table Surveying Techniques

- Which of the following statements in respect of a map A having scale 1 : 1000 and another map B having. scale 1: 5000 is true?
- Map A is a large scale map compared to map B.
- Map B is a large scale map compared to map A.
- Map B is a more detailed map compared to map A.
- None of the above

- the correction to be applied to each 30 m chain for a line measurement along a slope of Ɵ is
- 30(1 -cosƟ)
- 30(1 -sinƟ)
- 30(1 –tanƟ)
- 30(1 –cotƟ)

- Narrowly spaced contour lines on a map shows that the area is
- Flat
- Steeply sloped
- Vertical cliff
- Overhang cliff

- The length of the tangent of a curve whose radius is R and the angle of deflection ∆ is
- R tan ∆/2
- 2R sin ∆/2
- 2Rtan ∆/2
- R sin ∆/2

- If whole circle bearing of a line is 210º 0’ 0”, its value in quadrantal bearing system is
- S 30º 0’ 0’’ W
- N 30º 0’ 0’’ E
- S 30º 0’ 0’’ E
- N 30º 0’ 0’’ W

- The magnetic declination is the difference between
- True Meridian and False Meridian
- False Meridian and True Meridian
- True Meridian and Meridian Meridian
- Meridian Meridian and False Meridian

- A staff reading taken on a point whose elevation is to be determined as a change point is called
- foresight reading
- backsinght reading
- Intermediate sight
- long sight

- Clay is generally
- cohesive
- permeable
- having large particle size
- :None of the above

- The ratio Liquid limit – Water content /Plasticity index for a soil mass is called
- Liquidity index
- Shrinkage ratio
- Consistency Index
- Toughness Index

- The volume of voids to the total volume of soil is known as
- porosity
- void ratio
- air ratio
- air content

- A fundamental. equation of void ratio (e), specific gravity (G), water content (W) and the degree of saturation (S^P) is

- Manometer is a device used for measuring
- Velocity
- Pressure
- Density
- Discharge

- Capillarity is due to

I. surface tension

II. cohesion

III. viscosity

IV. vapour pressure

V. weight density of liquid- II, III
- III
- I
- II, III, V

- Flow of water through a passage under atmospheric pressure is called
- Pipe flows
- Uniform flow
- Open channel flow
- Non- uniform flow

- The discharge through a V-notch varies
- proportional to head (H)
- inversely proportional to angle Ө
- proportional to H^5/2
- inversely proportional to tanӨ/2

- The dimension for Angular velocity is
- T²
- T^-1
- T^1
- T^-2

- Which of the following flow constants does not have any unit ?
- Chezy’s C
- Manning’s N
- Both Chezy’s C and Manning’s N
- None of the above

- Each term of the Bernoulli equation represents
- energy per unit weight
- energy per unit mass
- energy per unit volume
- specific energy

- Pressure in terms of metres of oil (specific gravity= 0·9) equivalent to 4·5 m of water is
- 4.05
- 5.0
- 3.6
- 0.298

- Typically, a hydroelectric plant will have following hydraulic machine :
- Hydraulic Turbine
- Hydraulic Pump
- Electric Motor
- None of the above

- Darcy – Weisbach equation to calculate the head loss due to friction ·for flow through pipes is applicable when the flow through the pipe canbe
- laminar only
- turbulent only
- both laminar and turbulent
- subcritical flow

- The ratio of the quantity of water stored in the root zone of the crops to the quantity of water actually delivered in the field is known as
- water use efficiency
- water conveyance efficiency
- water application efficiency
- water storage efficiency

- For unlined canals, the freeboard is measured from the
- full supply level to top of the bank
- top of the bank to bed of the canal
- full supply level to top of the dowel
- None of the above

- The ruling minimum radius of the curve for ruling design speed V m/sec, coefficient of friction f, acceleration due to gravity g m/sec² and super elevation e is given by
- V²/(e-f)g
- V²/(f –e)g
- V²/(e+f)g
- V²/(e+f)2g

- Camber in the road is provided for
- counteracting the centrifugal force
- effective drainage
- having proper sight distance
- avoiding overturning

- The standard 5-day BOD at 20ºC, when compared to ultimate BOD is about
- 60%
- 68%
- 80%
- 90%

- The global warming is caused mainly by
- NO^x
- SO^x
- CO^2
- O^2

- The maximum shear force in a simply supported beam of span L, subjected to a central point load, W is given by the following expression:
- W/2
- WL
- WL²/2
- WL²/4

For simply supported beam shown in Fig., the magnitude of vertical reaction at ‘B’ is- 20 kN
- 18 kN
- 15 kN
- 10 kN

- “Poisson’s ratio” is defined as the ratio of
- lateral strain to linear strain
- linear strain to lateral strain”
- lateral stress to linear stress
- linear stress to lateral stress

- If ‘A’ is the area of cross-section and ‘I’ is the moment of inertia of a given plane section,then radius of gyration (r) is given by the formula
- r =I/A
- r=√I/A
- r=A/I
- r=√A/I

- Strain energy due to axial deformation is given by
- (σ: resultant stress
- P: axial load
- ∆ : deformation
- ε :strain
- E: modulus of elasticity)
- σε
- P∆
- σ²/2E
- (1/2)P∆

- In a cantilever beam subjected to general loading, the maximum bending moment is at
- fixed end
- free end
- mid-span
- quarter-span

Moment of inertia of rectangular section shown in Fig. about its horizontal censorial axis is- db³/12
- db³/3
- bd³/12
- bd³/3

- Ratio· of length of column ·-to the minimum radius of gyration of the cross –sectional area of column is known as
- Slenderness ratio
- Buckling ratio
- Crippling ratio
- Compressive ratio

- A linear force-deformation relation is obtained in materials
- having elastic stress-strain property
- having plastic stress-strain property
- following Hook’s law
- which are rigid elastic materials

- The property of a material by which it can be beaten or rolled into plates, is called
- malleability
- ductility
- plasticity
- elasticity

- Which of the beams given in the following Figs. is a determinate beam?

- The effective slenderness ratio of a cantilever column is
- 0.5 L/r
- L/r
- √2 L/r
- 2 L/r

- The top diameter, bottom diameter and the height of the steel mould used for slump test are
- 10 cm, 20 cm, 30 cm
- 10 cm, 20 cm, 30 cm
- 20 cm, 10 cm, 30 cm
- 20 cm, 30 cm, 10 cm

- The early high strength of rapid hardening cement is.due to its
- increased content of gypsum
- burning at high temperature
- increased. content of cement
- higher content of tricalcium

- Di-calcium silicate (C^2 S)
- hydrates rapidly
- generates less heat of hydration
- hardens rapidly
- has less resistance to sulphate attack

- Separation of coarse aggregates from concrete during transportation, is known as
- bleeding
- creeping
- segregation
- evaporation

- The resistance of an aggregate to wear is known as
- impact value
- abrasion resistance
- shear resistance
- crushing·resistance

- If fineness modulus of a sand is 2.5, it is graded as
- very fine sand
- fine sand
- medium sand
- coarse sand

- Water- cement ratio is measured ……………………………… of water and cement used per cubic metre of concrete.
- volume by volume
- weight by weight
- weight by volume
- volume by weight

- To prevent segregation the maximum height for placing concrete, is
- 100 cm
- 125 cm
- 150 cm
- 200 cm

- An aggregate is said to be flaky, if its least dimension is less than
- 2/3 mean dimension
- 1/3 mean dimension
- 3/5 mean dimension
- 3/4 mean diameter

- The fineness of cement can be found out by sieve analysis using IS sieve number
- 20
- 10
- 9
- 6

- For batching 1 : 2 : 4 concrete mix by volume the ingredients required per bag (50 kg )of cement are
- 100 litres of fine aggregate : 140 litres of coarse aggregate
- 100 kg of. fine aggregate : 200 kg of coarse aggregate
- 70 kg of fine aggregate : 140 kg of coarse aggregate
- 70 kg of fine aggregate : 140 litres of coarse aggregate

- Bulking is
- increase in volume of sand due to moisture which keeps sand particles apart
- increase in density of sand due to impurities like clay, organic matter
- ramming of sand so that it occupies minimum volume
- compacting of sand

- The concrete cubes are prepared,. cured and .tested according to Indian Standards code number
- IS : 515
- IS : 516
- IS : 517
- IS : 518

- Workability of concrete for a given water content is good if the aggregates are
- angular aggregates
- flaky aggregates
- rounded aggregates
- irregular aggregates

- Generally, strength of concrete is considered negligible/very low in
- Compression
- Tension
- Fatigue
- None of the above

- As the cement sets and hardens, it generates heat. This is called
- Heat of hydration
- Latent heat
- Heat of vaporisation
- Sensible heat

- In concrete, while hand · mixing is adopted, excess cement to be added is
- 4%
- 10%
- 14%
- 20%

- For constructing road pavements, the type of cement generally used is
- ordinary Portland· cement
- rapid hardening cement
- low heat cement
- blast furnace slag cement

- A very comfortable type of stair for usage is
- straight
- dog legged
- open newel
- circular

- If the area of tension reinforcement provided is Less than that required for a balanced section, then the RCC beam is called
- over-reinforced
- neutral reinforced
- tinder reinforced
- bottom reinforced

- In limit state of collapse for direct compression, the maximum axial compressive strain in concrete is
- 0.002
- 0.008
- 0.0035
- 0.004

- A reduction factor C^r to load carrying capacity for a long column of effective length L^e and width b is applied as obtained from following expression:

- A T–beam behaves as a rectangular beam of a width equal to its flange·if its neutral axis
- falls within the flange .
- falls below the flange
- coincides with the geometrical centre of the beam
- falls below the centroidal axis of the beam

- If ‘t^v is the nominal shear stress, ‘t^c is · design shear strength of concrete and ‘t^c, max is the maximum design shear strength of concrete which of the following statements is correct ?

- The minimum clear cover (in mm) for the main reinforcement in column, according to IS: 456-2000 is
- 20
- 25
- 40
- 50

- The diameter of longitudinal bars of a RCC column should never be less than
- 6 mm
- 8 mm
- 10 mm
- 12 mm

- In an RCC section of effective depth ‘d’, is vertical stirrups are provided to resist shear, their maximum spacing measured along the axis of the member as per IS : 456-2000 should not exceed
- 0·25 d
- 0·75 d
- 0·50 d
- 1·00 d

- For a continuous slab of 3 m x 3·5 .m size, the minimum overfill depth of slab to satisfy vertical deflection limit is
- 5 cm
- 7.5 cm
- 10 cm
- 75 cm

- As per IS : 800, the factor of safety adopted with respect to the yield stress of steel is
- 1.45
- 1.5
- 1.67
- 2.0

- A tia is a
- tension member
- compression member
- flexural member
- torsion member

- The slenderness ratio of lacing bars should not exceed
- 120
- 145
- 180
- 100

- Bearing stiffeners are designed as
- beams
- beam-ties
- ties
- column

- The maximum allowable slenderness ratio for member carrying compressive load due to wind and seismic force only is
- 180
- 250
- 350
- 400

- The throat in a fillet weld is
- large side of the triangle of the fillet
- hypotenuse of the triangle of the fillet
- smaller side of the triangle of the fillet
- perpendicular distance from the root to the hypotenuse

- The size of a rivet is identified by
- diameter of shank
- diameter of head
- length of shank
- shape of head

- Horizontal · stiffeners are needed in plate girders if the thickness of web is less than
- 6 mm
- Depth/200
- Span/500
- Flange thickness

- Permissible stress may also be known as
- ultimate stress
- working stress
- limit stress
- yield stress

- The maximum permissible stress for power driven field rivet in· bearing on rivet is
- 100 N/mm²
- 250 N/mm²
- 270 N/mm²
- 300 N/mm²

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